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Abstract

Attention-deficit disorders (ADD) can influence behavior, academic performance, and social and emotional adjustment. Problems in attention and concentration therefore should be considered routinely in the diagnostic evaluation of difficulties in school achievement. Unfortunately, many symptoms of ADD are relatively nonspecific; as a result, differential diagnosis is problematic. Attention deficits may co-occur, share common symptoms with, or overlap other disorders. Co-occurrence with oppositional/defiant and conduct disorders, anxiety/affective disorders, pica, Tourette syndrome, and learning disabilities is relatively frequent.1 In fact, approximately 50% of children with ADD manifest symptoms that warrant the diagnosis of oppositional disorder, 70% of those with Tourette syndrome have attention deficits, and the prevalence of ADD among patients with learning disabilities ranges from 10% to 40%.2 Symptoms similar to ADD often occur in mental retardation, pervasive developmental disorders such as autism, and among patients with speech/language disorders.1

Keywords

Attention Deficit Target Stimulus Tourette Syndrome Attention Problem Attention Deficit Disorder 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • Glen P. Aylward
    • 1
  1. 1.Southern Illinois University School of MedicineSpringfieldUSA

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