Cognitive Underspecification

Its Variety and Consequences
  • James T. Reason
Part of the Cognition and Language book series (CALS)


If cognitive science is to make a useful contribution to the safety and efficiency of future technological systems, it must be able to offer designers some workable generalizations regarding the information-handling characteristics of a system’s human participants (see Card, Moran, & Newell, 1983). This chapter explores the generality of one such approximation:

When cognitive operations are under specified, they tend to default to contextually appropriate, high-frequency responses.


Serial Position Calling Condition Memory Search Semantic Context Frequency Gambling 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • James T. Reason
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyUniversity of ManchesterManchesterUK

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