The Naranjilla (Solanum quitoense), The Cocona (Solanum sessiliflorum) and Their Hybrid
The Solanaceae has been one of the more important families in providing useful plants for humankind. By far the greatest number of these comes from tropical America, white potatoes, tomatoes and chili peppers being the best known. In recent years the fruits of two others, the tree tomato (Cyphomandra betacea) and the pepino (Solanum muricatum) have begun to appear in our markets, both imported from New Zealand where they had been introduced from tropical America. To my thinking two other members of the family, the naranjilla (S. quitoense) and the cocona (S. sessiliflorum), are equal or superior to the last two, but they have yet to reach markets outside of Latin America. These species, both placed in the section Lasiocarpa of Solanum, are the subjects of this paper.
KeywordsChili Pepper Edible Fruit Fruit Flesh White Potato Meiotic Irregularity
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Anonymous, 1984, “Memorias de la primera conferencia intemacional de naranjilla,” Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Agropecuarias, Quito, Ecuador.Google Scholar
- Heiser, C., 1971, Notes on some species of Solarium (sect. Leptostemonum) in Latin America, Baileya 18:59–65.Google Scholar
- Heiser, C., 1985, “Of Plants and People,” University of Oklahoma Press, Norman.Google Scholar
- Ledin, R., 1952, The naranjilla (Solarium quitoense Lam.), Proc. Florida State Hort. Soc. 65:187–190.Google Scholar
- Miller, C., 1969, Cytokinin production by mycorrhizal fungi, in: “Proceedings of the first North American Conference on Mycorrhizae,” Misc. Publ. 1189, U.S. Dept. Agric., Washington, D.C.Google Scholar
- National Research Council, 1975, “Underexploited tropical plants with promising economic value,” National Academy of Sciences, Washington, D.C.Google Scholar
- Patino, V., 1962, Edible fruits of Solatium in South American historic and geographic references, Bot. Mus. Leaf., Harvard Univ. 19:215–234.Google Scholar
- Romero-Castaneda, R., 1961, El lulo: una fructa de importancia economica, Agricultural Tropical 17:214–218.Google Scholar
- Salick, J., 1989, Cocona (Solanum sessiliflorum) production and breeding potentials of the peach-tomato, in: “New Crops for Food and Industry,” Wickens, G. and Day, P., eds., Chapman and Hall, London.Google Scholar
- Schultes, R. and Romero-Castaneda, R., 1962, Edible fruits of Solanum in Colombia, Bot. Mus. Leaf., Harvard Univ. 19:235–286.Google Scholar
- Torre, R. and Camacho, S., 1981, Campesino fitomejorador de naranjilla, Carta de Frutales no. 14, Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Agropecuarias, Quito, Ecuador.Google Scholar
- Whalen, M., Costich, D. and Heiser, C., 1981, Taxonomy of Solanum section Lasiocarpa, GentesHerb. 12:41–129.Google Scholar