Japanese Americans recognize February 19 as the official Day of Remembrance for the Internment. On that date in 1942, President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed Executive Order 9066, ten weeks after the Japanese attacked Pearl Harbor. The order provided the secretary of war and his designated officers with the authority to exclude all persons, both citizens and aliens, from designated areas in order to provide security against sabotage or espionage. The army took charge of implementing Executive Order 9066 by removing all Japanese Americans from the West Coast of the United States, placing them first into temporary “assembly centers” and later into concentration camps located in desolate areas of the country. No formal charges were brought against the Japanese Americans, and there was no opportunity for an individual review of their loyalty.
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