Historic Creek Indian Responses to European Trade and the Rise of Political Factions

  • Gregory A. Waselkov
Part of the Interdisciplinary Contributions to Archaeology book series (IDCA)


In the aftermath of the midsixteenth-century Spanish expeditions of exploration and attempted colonization in the interior of southeastern North America, there followed a period lasting over a century during which no serious efforts were made by Europeans to contact directly the indigenous Indian inhabitants of the region. Spanish intrusions had severely disrupted native societies, apparently precipitating widespread population dislocations, massive population loss through introduced diseases, and a significant decline in sociopolitical complexity (Brain 1985:106–107; Ramenofsky 1987; Smith 1987; Thomas 1990:3–222). The ensuing 100-year hiatus in European colonizing efforts allowed protohistoric peoples of the region to reformulate their cultures in the face of drastically changed natural, epidemiological, and cultural-environmental influences, while they remained buffered from face-to-face contacts with Europeans from the coastal areas of Spanish and English settlement.


Trade Good English Settlement Indian Trade Scarce Commodity English Trader 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gregory A. Waselkov
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Sociology and AnthropologyUniversity of South AlabamaMobileUSA

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