Transformation and Mutagenic Effects Induced by Herpes Simplex Virus Types 1 and 2

  • Laure Aurelian
Part of the Infectious Agents and Pathogenesis book series (IAPA)

Abstract

Compelling evidence indicates that cancer is a multistep process resulting from the accumulation of many genetic defects in the tumor progenitor cell. Malignant transformation, also mediated by DNA and RNA viruses, is an in vitro model of carcinogenesis in animals. The events triggering transformation often result from the transcription of genes, called oncogenes. These are part of a virus or are altered cellular genes, called protooncogenes, that transmit growth signals from the extracellular environment to the cell nucleus. The oncogenes of animal DNA tumor viruses are integral parts of the viral genome. Those of the retroviruses are normal or slightly modified cellular genes that were appropriated from the cell or were activated in the host cell by virus infection. Here we briefly review the available evidence on transformation by the human herpes simplex viruses (HSV), with particular emphasis on the various functions with which it is associated.

Keywords

Tyrosine Recombination Adenosine Oncol Lysine 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • Laure Aurelian
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Virology/Immunology Laboratories, Department of Pharmacology and Experimental TherapeuticsUniversity of Maryland School of MedicineBaltimoreUSA
  2. 2.Departments of Biochemistry and Comparative MedicineThe Johns Hopkins Medical InstitutionsBaltimoreUSA

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