Quantification of Data from Homogeneous Materials

  • Graham C. Smith
Part of the Updates in Applied Physics and Electrical Technology book series (UAPE)


Quantification of data from XPS or AES is a type of data processing and could have been included in the previous chapter. However, it can be a complex task and is of such central importance in surface analysis that a separate chapter is required for its discussion. The subject is reviewed in depth by Seah (1990). Currently, there is no one single satisfactory method of quantification which gives reliable results in all cases. Nevertheless considerable progress can be made using a combination of the theoretical results and experimental data that are presented below.


Nickel Quartz Phosphorus Magnesium Chromium 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • Graham C. Smith
    • 1
  1. 1.Shell Research Ltd.ChesterEngland

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