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Angiotensin II Receptors

Structural and Functional Considerations
  • Robert C. Speth
  • Steven M. Thompson
  • Susan J. Johns
Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume 377)

Abstract

The renin-angiotensin system (RAS) profoundly influences cardiovascular function. The system likely evolved to meet the need to preserve cardiovascular function in response to stressors such as hemorrhage, dehydration and dietary sodium deficiency. However, the RAS can also induce pathological changes, either in response to renal dysfunction or relatively uncharacterized alterations in organs containing local renin-angiotensin systems. From a medical viewpoint, hypertension is the pathological alteration induced by the RAS of greatest interest. Sustained high blood pressure takes a toll on the cardiovascular system and secondarily on the organ systems it perfuses, e.g., high fluid pressure leads to cardiac hypertrophy and valvular insufficiency, damage to vascular endothelium, generation of thrombi, and rupture of vessel walls leading to hemorrhagic and ischaemic damage within various organs of the body.

Keywords

Receptor Subtype Selective Antagonist Receptor Binding Site Human Uterus Transmembrane Span Domain 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • Robert C. Speth
    • 1
  • Steven M. Thompson
    • 2
  • Susan J. Johns
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Veterinary and Comparative Anatomy, Pharmacology and PhysiologyWashington State UniversityPullmanUSA
  2. 2.VADMS CenterWashington State UniversityPullmanUSA

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