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Gasoline Sniffing in Northern Canada

  • Gordon E. Barnes

Abstract

Gasoline sniffing represents one of the most serious drug use problems in terms of the risk to the user. Numerous deaths have been attributed to solvent abuse (Bass, 1970) and gasoline may be one of the most dangerous substances in use by sniffers. Gasoline is a mixture of hydrocarbons including paraffins, olefins, napthenes, and aromatics. Certain common forms of gasoline also contain tetraethyl lead. Gasoline is particularly dangerous because of the presence of tetraethyl lead and the aromatic hydrocarbon, benzene. Tetraethyl lead has been shown to cause lead poisoning (Angle and Eade, 1975; Boeckx, Postl, and Goodin, 1977; Lynn, 1975). While benzene can have potentially destructive effects on bone marrow cells (Nurcombe, Bianchi, Money, and Cawte, 1970). Several deaths have been attributed to gasoline sniffing (Angle and Eade, 1975; Boeckx et al., 1977, Ferguson, 1975; Nurcombe et al., 1970; Sokol, 1981) with the mechanism being respiratory failure resulting from central nervous system depression and respiratory irritation and bronchiolar obstruction (Nurcombe et al., 1970). The constituents and clinical effects of gasoline are summarized in Table 1.

Keywords

Parental Drug Parental Control Acculturative Stress Path Analytic Model Petrol Vapour 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gordon E. Barnes
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Family StudiesUniversity of ManitobaWinnipegCanada

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