The Determinants of Advancement on White-Collar Job Ladders
Although the status of minority workers continues to lag behind that of whites, women have received at least as much attention in recent years. The pay gap between men’s and women’s jobs remains large despite some improvement during the 1980s (Bergman 1986). Several studies have suggested that women’s promotion rates lag behind men’s as well (Wolf and Fligstein 1979; Rosenfeld 1980; Marini 1980). The fate of women in the labor market is strongly tied to the structure of occupations and job ladders. Female job ladders offer lower pay and have lower ceilings than the job ladders that men work on.
KeywordsGovernment Service Lower Tier Middle Grade Middle 1970s Promotion Rate
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.