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The Design of Physical Environments and Health Behavior

  • Bruce A. Whitehead
  • Alice E. Fusillo
  • Stephen Kaplan

Abstract

During the dramatic era of the conquest of infectious disease, the health sciences could with some justification consider environmental psychology a “frill.” The traditional medical model emphasizing diagnosis and treatment of sickness in terms of acute, specifically biological causes (Mechanic, 1978) was unquestionably successful. The tendency of people to avoid doctors and medical facilities until they were acutely sick may have been understandable in such circumstances. While not conducive to preventive care, this tendency did serve to concentrate the efforts of an acute sick-care system upon those it would benefit most (Garfield, 1970). The benefits of this model of medical care were both quantitatively measurable (Dauer, Korns, & Schuman, 1968) and prominent in medicine’s public image (Klein, 1972). These initial successes would probably have overshadowed any attempt to measure quantitatively and analyze the effects of the environment in which health care takes place.

Keywords

Health Facility Physical Environment Preventive Care Health Care Environment Preventive Health Behavior 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bruce A. Whitehead
    • 1
  • Alice E. Fusillo
    • 2
  • Stephen Kaplan
    • 3
  1. 1.College of Information StudiesDrexel UniversityPhiladelphiaUSA
  2. 2.U.S. Department of Health and Human ServicesUSA
  3. 3.Department of PsychologyUniversity of MichiganAnn ArborUSA

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