Towards a Solution of the Ozone Layer Depletion Problem

  • Branko F. M. Bosnjakovic
Part of the NATO ASI Series book series (NSSB, volume 242)


The sun is the most ubiquitous and most important source of UV radiation in our environment. The ozone layer is the region in the stratosphere where ozone makes up a greater proportion of the air than at any height in the earth’s atmosphere. The presence of ozone is vital because it absorbs UV and prevents too much of it from reaching the earth’s surface.


Solar Cycle Ozone Depletion Ozone Layer Total Ozone United Nations Environment Programme 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Cole, C.A., P.D. Forbes and R.E. Davies, 1986 An action spectrum for photocarcinogenesis, Photochem. Photobiol. 43, 275–284.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. McDonald, J.E., 1971 Relationship of skin cancer incidence to thickness of the ozone layer, Congr. Rec, 117, 3493.Google Scholar
  3. Erisman, J.W. and J.P. Beck, 1988 A general description of atmospheric ozone with the accent on changes in its concentrations and possible causes, Rijksinstituut voor Volksgezondheid en Milieu (RIVM) Bilthoven, The Netherlands.Google Scholar
  4. European Communities, 1989 Statement by European Communities Commissioner Ripa di Meana for the conference “Save the ozone layer”, London 5–7 March.Google Scholar
  5. De Gruijl F.R., J.B. van der Meer, and J.C. van der Leun, 1983 Dose-time dependency of tumor formation by chronic UV-exposure, Photochem. Photobiol. 37, 53–62.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. De Leeuw, A.A.M. and J.P. Beck, 1989 Afbraak “goed” ozon maakt emissiestop CFK’s nodig. Chemisch Magazine, maart 1989, 137-141.Google Scholar
  7. Montreal Protocol, 1987 Montreal Protocol on the Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer, United Nations Environmental Programme Final Act, 1987.Google Scholar
  8. New Scientist, 1989 “Radiation” flood” through ozone hole is measured”, New Scientist, 15 April.Google Scholar
  9. Ozone Symposium, 1988 Atmospheric ozone research and its policy implications Proceedings of the 3rd US-Dutch International Symposium, Nijmegen, The Netherlands, May 9–13, 1988 (T. Schneider et al. eds) Elsevier, Amsterdam-Oxford-New York-Tokyo.Google Scholar
  10. Reijnders, L., 1989 Prevention of stratospheric modification In: Atmospheric Ozone Research and its Policy Implications (T. Schneider et al. eds.) Elsevier Science Publishers B.V., Amsterdam.Google Scholar
  11. Scotto J., T.R. Fears and J.F. Fraumeni, Jr., 1981. Incidence of nonmelanoma cancer in the United States National Cancer Institute U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (NIH) 82-2433.Google Scholar
  12. Slaper, H., A.A. Schothorst and J.C. van derLeun, 1987. Risk evaluation of UV-B therapy for psoriasis, Photodermatology 3, 271–283.Google Scholar
  13. Slaper, H., 1987. Skin cancer and UV exposure: investigations on the estimation of risks, Ph.D. Thesis, Utrecht.Google Scholar
  14. Sterenborg, H.J.C.M. and J.C. van der Leun, 1987. Action spectra for tumorigenesis by ultraviolet radiation, in: Passchier, W.F. and B.F.M. Bosnjakovic, (eds.), Human exposure to ultraviolet radiation: risks and regulations, pp. 173–190, Elsevier Science Publishers, Amsterdam.Google Scholar
  15. UNEP, 1988. United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) Meeting: Scientific Review of the Depletion of the Ozone Layer The Hague, 17–18 October 1988.Google Scholar
  16. United Kingdom Stratospheric Ozone Review Group, 1987. Statospheric Ozone, First Report Prepared at the request of the Department of the Environment and the Meteorological Office London: Her Majesty’s Stationery Office.Google Scholar
  17. United Kingdom Stratospheric Ozone Review Group, 1987. Statospheric Ozone, Second Report, Prepared at the request of the Department of the Environment and the Meteorological Office, London: Her Majesty’s Stationery Office.Google Scholar
  18. World Meteorogical Organization, 1988. Executive summary of the Ozone Trends Panel Geneva, Switzerland.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • Branko F. M. Bosnjakovic
    • 1
  1. 1.Radiation Protection DirectorateMinistry of Housing, Planning and EnvironmentLeidschendamThe Netherlands

Personalised recommendations