Ultraviolet Radiation and the Eye

  • David H. Sliney
Part of the NATO ASI Series book series (NSSB, volume 242)


A number of in-vitro laboratory studies have shown that ultraviolet radiation (UVR) can produce optical changes in lens proteins that could explain at least one causal factor in some forms of cataractogenesis [1–7]. Cataracts have also been produced in rabbits from acute exposure to UVR in the 295–320 nanometer (nm) UV spectral band [8–10]. Additionally, several epidemiological and related studies have suggested a relationship between outdoor ambient UVR levels and the incidence of corneal degeneration and senile cataract [11–22]. Weale estimated that a factor of ten in the incidence rate of cataract was due to sunlight [23]. In addition to these delayed effects, one can experience the painful symptoms of snowblindness or welder’s flash (photokeratoconjuctivitis, or simply photokeratitis) from acute UV exposures.


Ultraviolet Radiation Lens Protein Occupational Exposure Limit Threshold Limit Value Senile Cataract 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • David H. Sliney
    • 1
  1. 1.Laser Microwave DivisionUS Army Environmental Hygiene AgencyUSA

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