Mother-Father Agreement in Temperament Ratings

A Preliminary Investigation
  • Roy P. Martin
  • Charles F. HalversonJr.
Part of the Perspectives on Individual Differences book series (PIDF)

Abstract

There is a sizeable literature which demonstrates that temperament ratings by parents predict meaningful psychological outcomes. In the seminal New York Longitudinal Study, for example, (Thomas, Chess, Birch, Hertzig, & Korn, 1963; Thomas, Chess, & Birch, 1968; Thomas & Chess, 1977) parent reports in the form of interviews were used and were found to be reliable, and to relate in meaningful ways to a variety of outcomes. Building on this work and research from other traditions (e. g., behavior genetics), many parent-rating scales have been developed and several have been widely used. These include the Infant Temperament Questionnaire (Carey & McDevitt, 1978), the Toddler Temperament Questionnaire (Fullard, McDevitt, & Carey, 1978), The Middle Childhood Questionnaire (Hegvik, McDevitt, & Carey, 1982), the Behavior Style Questionnaire (McDevitt & Carey, 1978), the Dimensions of Temperament Survey (Lerner, Palermo, Spiro, & Nesselroade, 1982), and Infant Behavior Questionnaire (Rothbart, 1981). Each of the more widely used measures demonstrated acceptable though varying levels of temporal stability and internal consistency, and substantial concurrent and predictive validity.

Keywords

Depression Spiro Lester 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Bates, J.E. The concept of difficult temperament. Merrill-Palmer Quarterly, 1980, 26, 299–319.Google Scholar
  2. Bates, J.E., & Bayles, K. Objective and subjective components in mothers’ perceptions of their children from age 6 months to 3 years. Merrill-Palmer Quarterly, 1984, 30, 111–130.Google Scholar
  3. Brody, G.H., & Forehand, R. Maternal perceptions of child maladjustment as a fuction of the combined influence of child behavior and maternal depression. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 1986, 54, 237–240.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Carey, W.B., & McDevitt, S. Revision of the Infant Temperament Questionnaire. Pediatrics, 1978, 61, 735–739.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. Ferguson, L.R., Partyka, L.B., & Lester, B.M. Patterns of parent perception differentiating clinic from nonclinic children. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 1974, 2, 169–181.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Forehand, R., Wells, K.C., McMahon, R.J., Griest, D., & Rogers, T. Maternal perception of maladjustment to clinic-referred children: An extension of earlier research. Journal of Behavioral Assessment, 1982, 4, 145–151.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Fullard, W., McDevitt, S.C., & Carey, W.B. Toddler Temperament Scale. Temple University. Unpublished test form, 1978.Google Scholar
  8. Goldsmith, H.H. Multi-method, theory-based assessment of infant temperament: A twin study. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development, 1981.Google Scholar
  9. Hegvik, R., McDevitt, S., & Carey, W. The Middle Childhood Temperament Questionnaire. Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics, 1982, 3, 197–200.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Jacobs, T., Grounds, L., & Haley, R. Correspondence between parents’ reports on the Behavior Problem Checklist. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 1982, 10, 593–608.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Lerner, R.M., Palermo, M., Spiro, A., & Nesselroade, J. Assessing the dimensions of temperamental individuality across the life-span: The Dimensions of Temperament Survey (DOTS). Child Development, 1982, 53, 149–160.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Lyon, M.E., & Plomin, R. The measurement of temperament using parental ratings. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 1981, 22, 47–53.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Martin, R.P. The Temperament Assessment Battery for Children: Manual. Brandon, VT: Clinical Psychology Press, 1988.Google Scholar
  14. McDevitt, S.C., & Carey, W.B. The measurement of temperament in 3-to 7-year old children. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 1978, 19, 245–253.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Pfeffer, J., & Martin, R.P. Comparison of mothers’ and fathers’ temperament ratings of referred and nonreferred preschool children. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 1983, 39, 1013–1020.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Quay, H. Measuring dimensions of deviant behavior: The Behavior Problem Checklist. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 1977, 5, 277–287.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Robinson, W.S. The statistical measurement of agreement. American Sociological Review, 1957, 22, 17–25.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Rothbart, M.K. Measurement of temperament in infancy. Child Development, 1981, 52, 569–578.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Sameroff, A.J., Seifer, R., & Elias, P.K. Sociocultural variability in infant temperament ratings. Child Development, 1982, 53, 564–578.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Sears, R., Maccoby, E., & Levin, H. Patterns of Child Rearing. New York: Harper & Row, 1957.Google Scholar
  21. Thomas, A., & Chess, S. Temperament and development. New York: Brunner/Mazel, 1977.Google Scholar
  22. Thomas, A., Chess, S., & Birch, H. Temperament and behavior disorders in children. New York: New York University Press, 1968.Google Scholar
  23. Thomas, A., Chess, S., Birch, H.G., Hertzig, M., & Korn, S. Behavioral individuality in early childhood. New York: New York University Press, 1963.Google Scholar
  24. Vaughn, B.E., Bradley, C.F., Joffe, L.S., Seifer, R., & Barglow, P. Maternal characteristics measured prenatally are predictive of ratings of temperament ‘difficulty’ on the Carey Infant Temperament Questionnaire. Developmental Psychology, 1987, 23, 152–161.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Victor, J.B., Halverson, C.F. Jr., & Wampler, K.S. Family-school context: Parent and teacher agreement on child temperament. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 1988, 56, 573–577.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Warner, W.L. Social class in America. New York: Harper & Row, 1960.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • Roy P. Martin
    • 1
  • Charles F. HalversonJr.
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Educational PsychologyUniversity of GeorgiaAthensUSA
  2. 2.Department of Child and Family DevelopmentUniversity of GeorgiaAthensUSA

Personalised recommendations