Psychoemotional Responses to the Existing Social Systems in Tribal Populations in India
Due to India’s recent massive urban growth, its tribal populations are being increasingly uprooted from their rural economies and traditional homes and villages to be relocated in urban slums and industrial areas, and confronted there with wholly uncertain new ways of living. High unemployment, violence and various types of crime, traffic congestion and accidents, and the lack of educational facilities in the urban areas make it extremely difficult for new migrant tribal populations to care for their children and disabled and older family members. These difficulties create a great sense of frustration and helplessness among the migrants, which, in turn, often leads to the increased use of alcohol and other drugs. But, despite the momentary “benefits,” the use of alcohol and other drugs necessarily fails to allay the stresses and strains and continued dissatisfactions the individuals experienced initially. Withal, some tribal populations somehow manage to remain flexible enough to contend satisfactorily with their available resources, and, with their own rural-based technologies and traditions, manage to successfully combat and absorb the immediate shocks to their cultures which disruption and relocation bring about.
KeywordsNicobar Island Evil Spirit Tribal Population Tribal Group Indian Zone
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