Effects on the Immune System of Lesioning and Stimulation of the Nervous System: Neuroimmunomodulation

  • Branislav D. Jankovic
  • Novera Herbert Spector


The ancient Egyptians and Greeks, among others, knew that defense against disease involved “mind.” Today as monists, many scientists (including the authors of this chapter) believe that “mind” is a function of the nervous system, most particularly the brain. More than a few specialists in science today have developed severe tunnel vision: they see only a small piece of the whole integrated biological entity (the organism). The organism itself does not know that it is supposed to be divided like the departments of a medical school, so it functions as a unit. Thus the ancients were correct on this aspect of life, whereas some educated researchers of today fail to appreciate the connections between the brain and the immune system (Spector, 1980).


Chick Embryo Brain Lesion Pineal Gland Experimental Allergic Encephalomyelitis Anterior Hypothalamus 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • Branislav D. Jankovic
    • 1
  • Novera Herbert Spector
    • 2
  1. 1.Immunology Research CenterBelgradeYugoslavia
  2. 2.Fundamental Neurosciences ProgramNational Institutes of Health, NINCDSBethesdaUSA

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