A Co-operative Approach to Pollution Problems in Canada
Canada is a nation with social, economic, legal and political institutions which were conceived and have evolved within a federal, not a unitary framework. This Canadian federalism has generated a number of unique advantages such as a considerable decentralization of executive, legislative, administrative and judicial functions. In a country the size of Canada such decentralization is essential if human needs are to be sensitively and adequately responded to. This same federalism which encourages a more effective political-legal system is not without its disadvantages, and as is often the case, many of these perceived disadvantages are integrally related to the advantages themselves. The disadvantage most often identified, particularly by persons with a federal government bias, is the fact that our Constitution divides legislative jurisdiction amongst the provincial and federal governments. No one of these governments can be indifferent to the limitations imposed on their legislative powers by this constitutional allocation of responsibility.
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