Advertisement

Pollution pp 26-37 | Cite as

Man-Made Alterations of the Near Earth Space Environment

  • Wilmot N. Hess
Chapter
Part of the Environmental Science Research book series (ESRH, volume 2)

Abstract

This paper will deal with questions of “pollution” in space — not in the atmosphere but at altitudes of hundreds or thousands of miles. There is a question about what pollution in space means. What is the pollution? It is particles — not fly ash or SO2 molecules — but rather high energy electrons and protons in the Van Allen radiation belt.

Keywords

Energetic Particle Magnetic Field Line Energetic Electron Radiation Belt High Energy Electron 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. (1).
    W. N. Hess, The Radiation Belt and Magnetosphere. Blaisdell Publication Co., Waltham, Mass., pp. 155, (1968).Google Scholar
  2. (2).
    W. N. Hess, M. C. Trichel, T. N. Davis, W. C. Beggs, G. E. Kraft, E. Stassinopoulus, and E. J. R. Maier, Artificial Aurora Experiment: Experiment and Principal Results. T. N. Davis, T. J. Hallinan, G. D. Mead, J. M. Mead, M. C. Trichel, and W. N. Hess, Artificial Aurora Experiment: Ground-Based Optical Observations. J. Geophys. Res., 76, No. 25, (1971).Google Scholar
  3. (3).
    W. F. Utlaut and R. Cohen, Modifying the Ionosphere with Intense Radio Waves. Science, 174, pp. 245, (1971).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. (4).
    R. A. Helliwell, J. Katsufrakis, M. Trimpi, and N. Brice, Artificially Stimulated Very-Low-Frequency Radiations from the Ionosphere. J. Geophys. Res., 69, pp. 2391, (1964).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. (5).
    G. M. Allcock, C. K. Branigan, J. C. Mountjob, and R. A. Helliwell, Whistlers and Other Very-Low-Frequency Phenomena Associated with the High Altitude Nuclear Explosion on July 9, 1962. J. Geophys. Res., 68, pp. 735, (1963).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. (6).
    J. W. Dungey, Resonant Effect of Plasma Waves on Charged Particles in a Magnetic Field. J. Fluid Mech., 15, pp. 74, (1963).ADSMATHCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. J. W. Dungey, Loss of Van Allen Electrons Due to Whistlers. Planetary and Space Sci., 11, pp. 591 (1963).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. (7).
    T. J. Rosenberg, R. A. Helliwell,and J. P. Katsufrakis, Electron Precipitation Associated with Discrete Very-LowFrequency Emissions. J. Geophys. Res., 76, pp. 8445, (1971).Google Scholar
  9. (8).
    D. G. Cartwright and P. J. Kellogg, Radiation from Artificial Electron Beam in the Ionosphere. Nature Physical Science, 231, pp. 11, (1971).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. (9).
    C. F. Kennel and H. E. Petchek, Limit on Stably Trapped Particle Fluxes. J. Geophys. Res., 71, pp. 1, (1966).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. (10).
    N. Brice, Artificial Enhancement of Energetic Particle Precipitation Through Cold Plasma Injection: A Technique for Seeding Substorms ? J. Geophys. Res., 75, pp. 4890, (1970).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. (11).
    D. J. Williams, ARC 1: A Pilot Program of Ionospheric Modification Through Artificial Stimulation of Mangetospheric Trapped Particle Precipitation. NOAA TN ERL SEL-19, September 1971.Google Scholar
  13. (12).
    H. E. Petcheck, Modification of the Magnetospheric Convection Pattern by Mass Injection in Report of Ad Hoc Committee on Environment Modification Experiments in Space, University of Maryland, Institute for Fluid Dynamics & Applied Mathematics report to NASA, (1968).Google Scholar
  14. (13).
    S. F. Singer, Artificial Modification of the Earth’s Radiation Belt. Advances in Astronautical Sciences, 4, pp. 335, Plenum Press, (1959).Google Scholar
  15. (14).
    W. N. Hess and G. D. Mead, The Jupiter Radiation Belt. Published in the Proceedings of the Irkutsk Conference on Solar Terrestial Physics, (1971).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1973

Authors and Affiliations

  • Wilmot N. Hess
    • 1
  1. 1.NOAA Environmental Research LaboratoriesBoulderUSA

Personalised recommendations