Creating Settlement Networks
The Paleolithic topography of Central Europe (Figure 1.1) was basically predestined by the upper and middle course of the largest river, the Danube, connecting the west and east of the region. To the north of the Danube, the chains of lower mountains (reaching altitudes around 1000 m above sea level) surrounded the basins of other Central European rivers such as Labe (Elbe) or Saale, grading toward distinct Paleolithic microworlds: the Northern European Plain and the Rhine Valley. To the east and southeast, the Carpathian basin, with a large, scarcely inhabited plain and with concentrated occupation along the margins of the mountaneous ridges (reaching altitudes around 2000 m a.s.l.), follows the course of the Danube further to the microworlds of Balkans. Along these outlines, we may define three subregions within Paleolithic Central Europe: the “southern,” or Danube subregion (southern Germany, Austria, and Moravia, with analogies as far as southern Poland); the “northern,” or Labe, subregion (Bohemia, central Poland, and central Germany, with parallels to the Rhine valley); and the “southeastern,” or Carpathian, subregion (Slovakia and Hungary).
KeywordsBohemian Massif Carpathian Basin Exploitation Area Rock Crystal Rhine Valley
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.