Environmental Transition and Natural Disaster
Recently, Japan has had three serious natural disasters: the eruption of Mt. Unzen-Fugendake, starting in 1990, the tsunami caused by Hokkaido Southwest, Earthquake in 1993; and the Great Hanshin-Awaji Earthquake in 1995. Natural disasters such as earthquakes and volcanic eruptions sometimes cause a large number of people, many of whom have lived all their lives in one place, to be uprooted from homes and familiar surroundings (e. g., Miura, 1995).
KeywordsMigration Gravel Lost Indonesia Maki
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