Use of Natural and Transformed Endophytes for Turf Improvement

  • C. Reed Funk
  • James F. WhiteJr.


Plants and other organisms have developed many diverse and wondrous mechanisms to survive, adapt, and thrive in ever changing and often stressful environments. Our ability to understand, appreciate, and utilize these natural mechanisms of adaptation enhances our ability to develop, preserve and improve sustainable ecosystems and create a better environment.


Tall Fescue Perennial Ryegrass Ergot Alkaloid Turf Grass Kentucky Bluegrass 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • C. Reed Funk
    • 1
  • James F. WhiteJr.
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Plant SciencesRutgers UniversityNew BrunswickUSA

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