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The Leading Chemical Company in the Habsburg Empire

  • Klaus Oberhummer

Abstract

In 1856 Dr C.G. Clemm, the former technical director of a chemical plant in Heilbronn, Germany, came to Vienna with the intention of initiating production of sulfuric acid, soda, Glauber’s salt and bleaching salt in Austria. He persuaded several Austrian aristocrats, financiers and manufacturers of standing and reputation to invest money in the promotion of a public limited company, the share-capital of which was to amount to five million florins. The exemption from import duty on salt was a precondition for the success of this enterprise. The site of the plant was to be at Aussig on the Elbe in former Bohemia, now known as Usti na Laben, in the Czech Republic. This was quite a good location: there were coalmines near the town and the river Elbe was canalised. At first, the Ministry of Finance refused to grant the exemption from import duty on salt, but when the founders of the company turned with their request to the Austrian Emperor, the exemption was finally granted.

Keywords

Pension Fund Austrian Emperor Caustic Soda Import Duty Sodium Chlorate 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
Der Österreichische Verein für chemische und metallurgische Produktion zu Aussig a.d. Elbe

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References

  1. 1.
    Die Chemische Fabrik Aussig a. d. Elbe., Memorandum, published on the occasion of the visit of Emperor Francis Joseph I. Aussig 1901.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Der Österreichische Verein für chemische und metallurgische Produktion 1856–1906, Hofdruckerei A. Haase, Prag 1906.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    A. Brusatti (ed.), Die wirtschaftliche Entwicklung, vol 1, of “Die Habsburgermonarchie 1848–1918”, A. Wandruszka, P. Urbanitsch (ed.), Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Wien 1973.Google Scholar
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    G. Lunge, Handbuch der Sodaindustrie und ihrer Nebenzweige, Friedrich Vieweg, Braunschweig 1879.Google Scholar
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    H. Ost, Lehrbuch der chemischen Technologie, 15th edition, Dr Max Jänecke Verlagsbuchhandlung, Hannover 1925.Google Scholar
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    Various Austrian patents (Privilegium) on soda production, in particular from 1823 (to Johann and Anton Sailler) and 1839 (to Lepold Franz Ofenheimer, see above “New Processes”); see the volumes “Beschreibung der Erfindungen und Verbesserungen für welche in den kaiserlich-königlichen österreichischen Staaten Patente ertheilt wurden und deren Privilegiums-Dauer nun erloschen ist,” Band 1 (1841), Band 3 (1845), Herausgegeben auf Anordnung der kaiserlich-königlichen allegemeinen Hofkammer, Wien.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Collection of chemicals produced at the Aussig plant.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • Klaus Oberhummer
    • 1
  1. 1.Technical MuseumViennaAustria

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