Systems of Innovation

  • Jon-Arild Johannessen
  • Jens Otto Dolva
  • Bjørn Olsen


Schumpeter’s view of the conditions for developing innovation changed from a very early view (Schumpeter, 1934) of the entrepreneur as the motor of innovation processes, to a later notion (Schumpeter, 1942), where he strongly emphasised the collective process constituted by the R & D activities. Through the concept national innovation systems, Lundvall (1988; 1992) and Nelson (1993), among others, further developed Schumpeter’s view of innovation as an interactive process. Our contribution in this article is also at the collective level, but contrary to Lundvall and Nelson, we do not view the collective prerequisites which have to exist in the individual company in order for innovation processes to occur. It is systemst working in an interactive process which will constitute our focus of attention.


Innovation Process Technical Change Innovation Activity Individual Company National Innovation System 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jon-Arild Johannessen
    • 1
    • 2
  • Jens Otto Dolva
    • 1
  • Bjørn Olsen
    • 1
  1. 1.Bodø Graduate School of BusinessAgder Research FoundationNorway
  2. 2.Lillehammer CollegeNorway

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