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Electrophysiological Consequences of D2 and/or D3 Receptor Knockout by Antisense Oligonucleotides in Nigrostriatal Dopaminergic Neurons

  • James M. Tepper
  • Bao-Cun Sun
  • L. P. Martin
  • Ian Creese
Part of the Advances in Behavioral Biology book series (ABBI, volume 47)

Abstract

Mesencephalic dopaminergic neurons possess receptors for their own neurotransmitter, dopamine, at both somatodendritic as well as axon terminal regions. These receptors are termed autoreceptors and act to modulate dopaminergic synaptic transmission in two ways. Activation of the somatodendritic autoreceptors produces a membrane hyperpolarization by increasing a potassium conductance (Lacey, 1993) which leads to an inhibition of spontaneous activity (Groves et al., 1975). Activation of the terminal autoreceptors produces a decrease in terminal excitability which is presumed to reflect a membrane hyperpolarization (Tepper et al., 1985) which leads to a reduction in dopamine synthesis and in calcium- and impulse-dependent release of dopamine from nerve terminals (Starke et al., 1989; Wolf and Roth, 1987).

Keywords

Dopaminergic Neuron Dopamine Receptor Electrophysiological Consequence Dopamine Synthesis Spontaneous Firing Rate 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • James M. Tepper
    • 1
  • Bao-Cun Sun
    • 1
  • L. P. Martin
    • 1
  • Ian Creese
    • 1
  1. 1.Center for Molecular and Behavioral Neuroscience, Aidekman Research CenterRutgers, The State University of New JerseyNewarkUSA

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