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Acetylation of Sphingosine by PAF-Dependent Transacetylase

  • Ten-ching Lee
Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume 416)

Abstract

Sphingosine induces many protein kinase C-dependent and -independent effects on biological systems. In parallel, C2-ceramide used by investigators as an unnatural, cell permeable analog of long-chain acyl-ceramides, possesses biological activities similar with natural ceramides. We have recently characterized a membrane-associated, CoA-independent transacetylase that can transfer the acetate group from PAF to sphingosine and form C2-ceramide. This enzyme has a strict stereochemical configuration requirement for sphingosine; only the naturally-occurring D-erythro-isomers of sphingosine accepts the acetate from PAF. Also, it has a rigid substrate specificity for sphingolipid-related analogues. Dipalmitoyl-glycerophosphocholine (-GPC) or hexadecylarachidonoyl-GPC can not transfer their long-chain acyl groups directly to sphingosine and sphingosine can not be acetylated by acetyl-CoA:lyso-PAF acetyltransferase. Results obtained from studies on pH optima, subcellular distribution, temperature sensitivities, inhibitors, tissue distributions, and expression of enzyme activities in Xenopus oocytes suggest that PAF:sphingosine transacetylase is similar, but not identical to the PAF:lysophospholipid transacetylase we have previously identified. The transacetylases function to diversify the biological responses of PAF.

Keywords

Xenopus Oocyte Subcellular Distribution Phosphatidate Phosphohydrolase15 Cell Permeable Analog Natural Ceramides 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ten-ching Lee
    • 1
  1. 1.Medical Sciences DivisionOak Ridge Associated UniversitiesOak RidgeUSA

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