A Search for the Elusive Setting Events of School Vandalism

A Correlational Study
  • G. Roy Mayer
  • Mary Nafpaktitis
  • Tom Butterworth
  • Pam Hollingsworth
Part of the The Springer Series in Social Clinical Psychology book series (SSSC)


“Crime and violence threaten the viability of our public schools,” said United States Attorney General William French Smith (Nicholson, 1981). Speaking during June, 1981, Smith called for a crackdown on violence and vandalism in the schools, stating that more than 250,000 students and 5,000 teachers are physically assaulted in a typical month. In addition, the National School Resource Network and the California Safety Center (Nicholson, 1981) report that more than $600 million is spent annually on school property repair, security devices, insurance, and guards.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Azrin, N. H., Hutchinson, R. R., & Hake, D. F. (1963). Pain-induced fighting in the squirrel monkey. Journal of the Experimental Analysis of behavior, 6, 620.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Berkowitz, L. (1983). Aversively stimulated aggression: Some parallels and differences in research with animals and humans. American Psychologist, 38, 1135–1144.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Brodinsky, B. (1980). AASA critical issues report: Student discipline, problems and solutions (Report No. 021-00334). Arlington, VA: American Association of School Administrators.Google Scholar
  4. Gold, M., & Mann, D. W. (1982). Alternative schools for troublesome secondary students. The Urban Review, 14, 305–316.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Greenberg, B. (1969, October). School vandalism: A national dilemma. Palo Alto, CA: The Stanford Research Institute Research and Development Program.Google Scholar
  6. Greenberg, B. (1974). School vandalism: Its effects and paradoxical solutions. Crime Prevention Review, 1, 105.Google Scholar
  7. Heller, M. C., & White, M. A. (1975). Rates of teacher verbal approval and disapproval to higher and lower ability classes. Journal of Educational Psychology, 67, 796–800.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Mayer, G. R., & Butterworth, T. W. (1979). A preventive approach to school violence and vandalism: An experimental study. The Personnel and Guidance Journal, 57, 436–441.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Mayer, G. R., & Butterworth, T. W. (1981). Evaluating a preventive approach to reducing school vandalism. Phi Delta Kappan, 62, 498–499.Google Scholar
  10. Mayer, G. R., Butterworth, T. W., Komoto, T., & Benoit, R. (1983). The influence of the school principal on the consultant’s effectiveness. Elementary School Guidance and Counseling, 17, 274–279.Google Scholar
  11. Mayer, G. R., Butterworth, T., Nafpaktitis, M., & Sulzer-Azaroff, B. (1983). Preventing school vandalism and improving discipline: A three year study. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 16, 355–369.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Mayer, G. R., Butterworth, T. W., Spaulding, H. L., Hollingsworth, P., Amorim, M., Caldwell-McElroy, C., Nafpaktitis, M., & Perez-Oserio, X. (1983). Constructive discipline: Building a climate for learning (Available from the Office of the Los Angeles County Superintendent of Schools, 9300 E. Imperial, Downey, CA 90242).Google Scholar
  13. Nafpaktitis, M., Mayer, G. R., Hollingsworth, P., & Butterworth, T. W. (1982). Constructive discipline: Improving attendance and reducing disruption and vandalism costs. (End of year report. Project No. 5867). Downey, CA: Los Angeles County Superintendent of Schools.Google Scholar
  14. Nicholson, G. (1981). Pursuing school safety in the 80’s: An opinion from the attorney general’s office. Thrust, 11, 26–27.Google Scholar
  15. Reaves, A. (1981). We let it happen—We can change it. Thrust, 11, 8–10.Google Scholar
  16. Scrimger, G. C., & Elder, R. (1981). Alternatives to vandalism: Cooperation or wreckreation. Sacramento: School Safety Center, California Department of Justice.Google Scholar
  17. Sulzer-Azaroff, B., & Mayer, G. R. (1986). Achieving educational excellence using behavioral strategies. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston.Google Scholar
  18. Thomas, J. D., Presland, I. E., Grant, M. D., & Glynn, T. (1978). Natural rates of teacher approval in grade-7 classrooms. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 11, 91–94.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Wahler, R. G., & Fox, J. J. (1981). Setting events in applied behavior analysis: Toward a conceptual and methodological expansion. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 4, 327–338.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. White, M. A. (1975). Natural rates of teacher approval and disapproval in the classroom. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 8, 367–372.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. Roy Mayer
  • Mary Nafpaktitis
  • Tom Butterworth
  • Pam Hollingsworth

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations