Advertisement

Essential Trace Elements in the Nutrition of Infants

  • P. Brätter

Abstract

The newborn child has to develop its own regulation of the metabolic processes. Included in the anabolic structure are the digestive system, the respiratory chain and the endogenous defense system. In addition, the newborn has to develop the ability to synthesize essential compounds from the nutritive fluid, as well as the ability to concentrate waste material in the urine. Apart from other nutrients, an adequate supply of essential trace elements is required to ensure optimal development of all metabolic functions. About 17 of the 90 naturally occurring elements are classified as trace elements. Due to their known physiological importance, 10 of these trace elements (chromium, cobalt, copper, fluorine, iron, iodine, manganese, molybdenum, selenium and zinc) are regarded today as being essential in the nutrition of infants.

Keywords

Breast Milk Human Milk Infant Formula Essential Trace Element Selenium Content 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    R. Chierici, C. Gamboni, V. Vigi, Acta Paediatr. Suppl 402: 50-60(1994).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    C.J. Bates, A. Prentice, Pharmac. Ther. 62, 193–220 (1994).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    P.J. Aggett, S.M. Barclay, In „principles of perinatal-neonatal metabolism“ Chapter 27, R.M. Cowett, ed., 500-530(1991).Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    A. Flynn, Advances in food and nutrition research, 36, 209–252 (1992).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    B. Lönnerdal, O. Hernell, Acta Paediatr. 83, 367–73 (1994).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    L. Davidsson, Acta Paediatr. Suppl. 395, 38–42 (1994).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    J.A. Milner. J. Pediatr. 117, 147–155 (1990).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Foods and Nutrition Board. National Research Council. Recommended dietary allowances. 10th ed. Washington, DC, National Academy Press (1989).Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    P. Saltman, in Encyclopedia of anorganic chemistry, R. Scott, ed., J. Wiley Co., 2721-2726 (1995).Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    E. Vuori, S.M. Makinen, R. Kara, Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 33, 227–31 (1980).Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    P.B. Moser, R.D. Reynolds, Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 38, 101–108 (1983).Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    M. V. Karra, A. Kirskey, O. Galal, N.S. Bassily, G.G. Harrison, N.W. Jerome, Nutr.Res. 9, 471–478 (1989).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    F. Delange, Annales Nestlé, 52, 81–93 (1994).Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    S.H. Zlotkin, J. Pediatr. Gastroenterol. Nutr. 16, 1–3 (1993).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    L.S. Hurley, C.L. Keen, B. Lönnerdal, Fed. Proc. 42, No.6, 1735 (1983).Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    P.J. Aggett, Proc. Nutr. Soc. 47, 21–25 (1988).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    B. Sandström, A. Cederblad, B. Lönnerdal, Am. J. Dis. Child. 137, 726–729, (1983).Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    P.A. Walravens, K.M. Hambidge, K. H. Neldner, J. Pediatr. 93, 71–73 (1978).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    P. Brätter, V.E. Negretti de Brätter, U. Rösick, H.B. v. Stockhausen, in Trace Element Analytical Chemistry in Medicine and Biology-4. P. Brätter, P. Schrammel eds., Walterde Gruyter, 133-143 (1987).Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    H.-J. Gramm, A. Kopf., P. Brätter, J. Trace Elements Med. Biol. 9 (1995) 1–12 (1995).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    N. Kumpulainen, E. Vuori, M.A. Siimes, Intern.J.Vit.Nutr.Res. 54, 41–43 (1984).Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    P. Brätter, V.E. Negretti de Brätter, U. Rösick, H.B. von Stockhausen, in Trace elements in the nutrition of children-II. Ranjit K. Chandra, ed., Nestlé Nutrition Workshop Series, 23, Nestec Ltd. Vevey/Raven Press, Ltd., New York, 79–90 (1991)Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    P. Brätter, V.E. Negretti de Brätter, S. Recknagel, R. Brunetto, J. Trace Elements Med. Biol. (in press).Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    P. Brätter, VE. Negretti de Brätter, W.G. Jaffé, H. Mendez-Castellano, J. Trace Eiern. Electrolytes Health Dis. 5, 269–270 (1991)Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    C.E. Casey, K.M. Hambidge, M.C. Neville Am. J. Clin. Nut. 41, 1193–1200 (1985).Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    B. Lönnerdal, C.L. Keen, L.S. Hurley, Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 41, 550–559 (1985).Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    B. Lönnerdal, J Nutr. Suppl., 119, 1839–1844(1989).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. Brätter
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Trace Elements in Health and NutritionHahn-Meitner Institute BerlinBerlinGermany

Personalised recommendations