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Health and Well-Being in Retirement

A Summary of Theories and Their Implications
  • William S. Shaw
  • Thomas L. Patterson
  • Shirley Semple
  • Igor Grant
Part of the The Springer Series in Adult Development and Aging book series (SSAD)

Abstract

To consider the topic of retirement as a special clinical issue in this book alongside the comparatively severe Stressors of chronic pain, elder abuse, caregiving, and bereavement may seem unwarranted to some. Retirement is now a normative process for most older workers, and available pension and savings plans have greatly eased the financial burdens of retirement. Yet, for many individuals, retirement may represent the single largest lifestyle transition since early adulthood. Therefore, this period of social development and its mental and physical health implications have continued to be a subject of theoretical speculation and empirical study. Retirement may alter family dynamics and social networks, challenge one’s sense of self-worth and accomplishment, and prompt reprioritization of personal values and interests. The decision to retire may also be influenced by a complex set of variables, including physical health, occupational attitudes, personal values, and secular trends. By studying the antecedents and consequences of retirement, social scientists have sought to identify factors that contribute to a successful and healthful retirement process.

Keywords

Life Satisfaction Activity Theory Continuity Theory Social Security Benefit Retirement Decision 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • William S. Shaw
    • 1
  • Thomas L. Patterson
    • 1
  • Shirley Semple
    • 1
  • Igor Grant
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Psychiatry, School of MedicineUniversity of CaliforniaSan Diego, La JollaUSA

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