Being Angry Revealed as Self-Deceptive Protest
This chapter begins with four examples of being angry, and then characterizes an empirical phenomenological research method through which I developed a descriptive structure of being angry. A discussion of some personal and societal implications focuses on several aspects of being angry, namely, its being a self-deceptive, self-righteous protest against being demeaned and blocked in being who one is trying to be. I chose to emphasize these particular features of the overall structure in order to counter our culture’s promotion of anger as being a natural force that we can only contain, dissipate, release, or discharge.
KeywordsSocietal Implication Psychotherapy Session Phenomenological Psychology Angry Outburst Phenomenological Structure
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Aquinas, T. (1964). Summa theologica (Questions 22–48). New York: McGraw-Hill.Google Scholar
- de Rivera, J. (1976). Field theory as human-science: Contributions of Lewin’s Berlin Group. New York: Gardner Press.Google Scholar
- Denzin, N. K., & Lincoln, Y. S. (1994). Handbook of qualitative research. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.Google Scholar
- Fischer, C. T., & Wertz, F. J. (1979). Empirical phenomenological analyses of being criminally victimized. In A. Giorgi, R. Knowles, & D. L. Smith (Eds.), Duquesne studies in phenomenological psychology: Volume III (pp. 135–158). Pittsburgh, PA: Duquesne University Press.Google Scholar
- Freud, S. (1936). The problem of anxiety. New York: Norton.Google Scholar
- Giorgi, A. (Ed.). (1985). Phenomenology and psychological research. Pittsburgh, PA: Duquesne University Press.Google Scholar
- Sartre, J.-P. (1975). The emotions: Outline of a theory. Secaucus, NJ: Citadel Press.Google Scholar
- Stevick, E. L. (1971). An empirical investigation of the experience of anger. In A. Giorgi, W. F. Fischer, & R. von Eckartsberg (Eds.), Duquesne studies in phenomenological psychology: Volume I (pp. 132–148). Pittsburgh, PA: Duquesne University Press.Google Scholar
- Tavris, C. (1989). Anger: The misunderstood emotion. New York: Simon & Schuster.Google Scholar