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Pseudomonas pp 201-243 | Cite as

Iron Metabolism and Siderophores in Pseudomonas and Related Species

  • Jean-Marie Meyer
  • Alain Stintzi
Part of the Biotechnology Handbooks book series (BTHA, volume 10)

Abstract

With the exception of mainly lactic acid bacteria (Archibald, 1983; Pandey et al., 1994), iron is required as an oligoelement by all living organisms and particularly by aerobic bacteria, such as Pseudomonas. Because of its redox potentialities, this element is involved in many, if not all, primary biological functions, e. g., electron transport, carbon metabolism, nitrogen fixation, and nucleic acid biosynthesis. Although abundant in nature, iron is, however, not readily available for bacteria because of its profound tendency to hydrolyze and polymerize at physiological pH under aerobiosis. Thus, solubilization of environmental iron by excretion of powerful iron-chelating secondary metabolites, i. e., the siderophores, is the most common way used by microorganisms to sustain their iron requirement.

Keywords

Salicylic Acid Pseudomonas Aeruginosa Iron Uptake Iron Metabolism Pseudomonas Putida 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jean-Marie Meyer
    • 1
  • Alain Stintzi
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratoire de Microbiologie et de Génétique, Unité de Recherche Associée au Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique No. 1481Université Louis-PasteurStrasbourgFrance

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