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Taurine 3 pp 507-514 | Cite as

Effects of Dietary Taurine on Auditory Function in Full Term Infants

  • Suki K. Dhillon
  • W. Ewart Davies
  • Peter C. Hopkins
  • Stephen J. Rose
Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume 442)

Abstract

Three groups of neonates fed taurine supplemented infant formula, non-supplemented infant formula or breast milk, respectively, were studied from birth to 12 weeks of age. In addition to the measurement of whole blood taurine content, auditory function was monitored using auditory brainstem responses (ABRs) and transient evoked otoacoustic emissions (TEOAEs). The results showed a significant reduction in whole blood taurine concentration in the non-supplemented formula group. In addition, there was a significant drop in whole blood taurine levels in all 3 groups over the first four weeks of life. ABR wave latencies were significantly shorter in the non-supplemented group, with wave V showing the greatest reductions. Falling taurine levels after full term birth may aid synaptic maturation/efficiency within the auditory system. TEOAE responses were significantly larger over the low to mid frequencies in the breast fed group suggesting improved middle ear function.

Keywords

Auditory Brainstem Response Otoacoustic Emission Taurine Supplementation Taurine Level Brainstem Auditory Evoke Response 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • Suki K. Dhillon
    • 1
  • W. Ewart Davies
    • 2
  • Peter C. Hopkins
    • 2
  • Stephen J. Rose
    • 3
  1. 1.Hearing Services CentreCity Hospital BirminghamBirminghamEngland
  2. 2.Department of PharmacologyMedical School, University of BirminghamBirminghamEngland
  3. 3.Department of PaediatricsHeartlands HospitalBirminghamEngland

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