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Liquefaction of Wood and its Applications

  • Nobuo Shiraishi

Abstract

The term liquefaction of lignocellulosics has hitherto chiefly referred to those procedures for producing oil-like materials from biomass under very severe conditions of conversion [1, 2]. For example, Appel et al, [1] converted cellulosics to oil by using homogeneous Na2CO3 catalyst in water and a high-boiling-point solvent mixtures (anthracene oil, cresol, etc) at pressures of 140 – 240 atm with synthetic gas, CO/H2. Treatments for lh at 300 – 350Åé resulted in 40 – 60% yield of benzene solubles (oil) and a 95 – 99% conversion of the starting materials. This type of liquefaction can be more precisely called the oilification of lignocellulosics.

Keywords

Untreated Wood Wood Meal Rigid Polyurethane Foam Binary Solvent Mixture Benzyl Cation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nobuo Shiraishi
    • 1
  1. 1.Dept. Wood Sci. & Technol.Kyoto UniversityKyotoJapan

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