Template Polymerization of Dimethylaminoethyl Methacrylate in the Presence of Poly(Acrylamide-Acrylic Acid) Induced by Gamma Radiation and its use for Removal of Metal Ions

  • T. Siyam
  • Z. H. Abd-Elatif

Abstract

The polymeric material of poly (acrylamide-acrylic acid-dimethylaminoethyl methacrylate) “PAM-AA-DMAEM” was prepared by gamma radiation-induced polymerization of dimethylaminoethyl methacrylate (DMAEM) in the presence of prepared poly(acrylamide-acrylic acid) “PAM-AA” as a template polymer using a template polymerization technique.

The effect of gamma radiation on the polymerization process showed that the conversion increases with increasing the radiation dose. The obtained polymer is water-soluble polymer at low doses <10 KGy. On increasing the radiation dose the polymer was converted into a gel with the swelling degree vary from 15–36. It was found that the capacities of the obtained polymeric gels toward Cu2+ increase with increasing the absorbed dose, monomer concentration and the template polymer/monomer molar ratio.

Spectroscopic studies showed that the mechanism of the floc formation is due to the interaction between the polymer and copper sulphate is a bond formation between the active groups of polymer chains and ions of copper sulphate. The amide and tertiary amino groups form complex with Cu2+ while carboxylic group interacts with ion through ion-exchange mechanism.

Keywords

Migration Hydroxyl Amide Carboxylate Acrylamide Polymer 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • T. Siyam
    • 1
  • Z. H. Abd-Elatif
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Nucl. Chem. Dept. Hot Laboratories CentreAtomic Energy AuthorityEgypt
  2. 2.National Resarch CentreDokki, GizaEgypt

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