Laser Scanning and Paleoanthropology
Taxonomic affiliation in Plio-Pleistocene fossil hominids is generally based on the analysis of cranial and dental material where species-specific characteristics are well recognised (Wood, 1991, 1992). With the exception of features such as the relatively long neck and small head in the australopithecine femur, taxon-specific features in the postcranial skeleton are largely unknown (Aiello and Dean, 1990). This situation is undoubtedly the result of the relative absence of associated skeletons in the Plio-Pleistocene fossil record and the general paucity of postcranial material. It follows that species-specific features in the postcranial skeleton have played only a secondary role in taxonomic studies and that it is often difficult to assign isolated postcranial fossils to specific species.
KeywordsJoint Surface Random Pair Lead Shot Postcranial Skeleton Talocrural Joint
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