Laser Scanning and Paleoanthropology

An Example from Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania
  • Leslie Aiello
  • Bernard Wood
  • Cathy Key
  • Chris Wood


Taxonomic affiliation in Plio-Pleistocene fossil hominids is generally based on the analysis of cranial and dental material where species-specific characteristics are well recognised (Wood, 1991, 1992). With the exception of features such as the relatively long neck and small head in the australopithecine femur, taxon-specific features in the postcranial skeleton are largely unknown (Aiello and Dean, 1990). This situation is undoubtedly the result of the relative absence of associated skeletons in the Plio-Pleistocene fossil record and the general paucity of postcranial material. It follows that species-specific features in the postcranial skeleton have played only a secondary role in taxonomic studies and that it is often difficult to assign isolated postcranial fossils to specific species.


Joint Surface Random Pair Lead Shot Postcranial Skeleton Talocrural Joint 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • Leslie Aiello
    • 1
  • Bernard Wood
    • 2
  • Cathy Key
    • 1
  • Chris Wood
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of AnthropologyUniversity College LondonLondonEngland
  2. 2.Department of Human Anatomy and Cell BiologyThe University of LiverpoolLiverpoolEngland

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