The Early Evolution of the Hominoid Face

  • Todd C. Rae
Part of the Advances in Primatology book series (AIPR)


In phylogenetic analyses of hominoid primates, the face as an anatomical unit has often been considered to be of secondary importance in comparison with dental and postcranial evidence (e.g., Andrews and Martin, 1987), related both to the abundance of teeth in the fossil record and to the predominance of postcranial characteristics in diagnoses of the superfamily (e.g., Harrison, 1987). Recent fossil discoveries and the adoption of more rigorous phylogenetic methods, however, provide an opportunity to document more fully the evolution of the hominoid facial skeleton and to decipher the phylogenetic signal contained within this important anatomical region.*


Extant Taxon Fossil Taxon Extinct Taxon Incisive Canal Incisive Foramen 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • Todd C. Rae
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of MammalogyAmerican Museum of Natural HistoryNew YorkUSA

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