In this rather short chapter, you’ll learn the basics of how to make graphical user interfaces (GUIs) for your Python programs—you know, windows with buttons and text fields and stuff like that. The de facto standard GUI toolkit for Python is Tkinter, which ships as part of the standard Python distribution. Several other toolkits are available, however. This has its advantages (greater freedom of choice) and drawbacks (others can’t use your programs unless they have the same GUI toolkit installed). Fortunately, there is no conflict between the various GUI toolkits available for Python, so you can install as many different GUI toolkits as you want.