Human Organic Memory Disorders: Problems and Interpretations

  • Andrew Mayes


Whereas it is known that verbal abilities such as reading and writing break down in several different ways following brain lesions it is commonly believed that multiple specific disorders of memory have not yet been identified. This erroneous impression, which is partly based on the false equation of organic amnesia with all memory disorders, is also associated with the view that the neuropsychology of memory is in a more primitive state than that of language. Such a conclusion cannot be supported for two reasons. First, as will be described in this chapter, there are several kinds of memory disorder that are distinct from organic amnesia and even organic amnesia may comprise more than one kind of functional impairment. Second, there are reasons for thinking that memory disorders will not fractionate in the same way as those of, for example, language.


Episodic Memory Semantic Memory Implicit Memory Explicit Memory Retrograde Amnesia 
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© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1989

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  • Andrew Mayes

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