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Determinants of Substance Abuse Relapse

  • Jalie A. Tucker
  • Rudy E. Vuchinich
  • Carole V. Harris
Part of the Perspectives on Individual Differences book series (PIDF)

Abstract

Research on the short-term effectiveness of treatments for alcohol, cigarette, and drug abuse suggests that most individuals may expect immediate amelioration of their problem upon entering a formal treatment program (e.g., Dole & Joseph, 1978; Lichtenstein, 1982; Miller & Hester, 1980). The prognosis over the long run, however, is not so optimistic. Approximately two-thirds of individuals who successfully complete treatment programs for various substance abuse disorders relapse within 3 months after treatment. At 12 months, relapse rates often exceed 75% or more (e.g., Hunt, Barrett, & Branch, 1971; Marlatt, 1978; Schachter, 1982). These high relapse rates appear to be relatively independent of the particular addictive disorder, the type of treatment intervention, or its guiding conceptual framework. Such findings force consideration of the determinants of relapse as a core problem in substance abuse research and treatment.

Keywords

Smoking Cessation Smoking Behavior Drinking Behavior Addictive Behavior Methadone Maintenance 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1985

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jalie A. Tucker
    • 1
  • Rudy E. Vuchinich
    • 1
  • Carole V. Harris
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Psychiatry and Center for Alcohol ResearchUniversity of FloridaGainesvilleUSA

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