The Significance of Environmental Factors for the Design and the Evaluation of Alcohol Treatment Programs

  • Alan C. Ogborne
  • Mark B. Sobell
  • Linda C. Sobell
Part of the Perspectives on Individual Differences book series (PIDF)


An increasing body of evidence suggests that environmental factors can influence the long-term treatment outcome of alcohol abusers.* Certain environmental factors have also been found to be positively associated with the natural recovery (i.e., without treatment) of individuals with alcohol problems. Much of this evidence, however, comes from studies designed to answer other research questions (e.g., the comparative effectiveness of various treatments). In this chapter, the research describing the relationships between environmental factors and outcomes is briefly reviewed, and the implications of this research for the design and evaluation of treatment are discussed.


Alcohol Problem Posttreatment Environment Natural Recovery Posttreatment Factor Affect Treatment Outcome 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1985

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alan C. Ogborne
    • 1
  • Mark B. Sobell
    • 2
  • Linda C. Sobell
    • 2
  1. 1.Addiction Research FoundationUniversity of Western OntarioLondonCanada
  2. 2.Addiction Research FoundationUniversity of TorontoTorontoCanada

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