Emissions of N2O from Various Environments — The Use of Stable Isotope Composition of N2O as Tracer for the Studies of N2O Biogeochemical Cycling

  • Tadashi Yoshinari
Part of the Federation of European Microbiological Societies Symposium Series book series (FEMS, volume 56)

Abstract

There is a considerable interest in the emissions of N2O from various environments to the atmosphere. This is because the gas entering the atmosphere is (1) a natural source of stratospheric NO, which is an important element in the ozone chemistry in the stratosphere (Crutzen, 1970; McElroy and McConnel, 1971; Johnston, 1972; Cicerone 1987), and (2) a greenhouse gas, like CO2 and CH4, contributing to the increase of average surface temperature of the Earth by absorption of infrared radiation (Lacis et al. 1981; Dickinson and Cicerone 1986). The consequence of the destruction of the ozone layer is the increase of health hazards by the penetration of more intense UV irradiation. Tropospheric N2O concentration, currently about 300 ppb, has been increasing at the rate of approximately 0.2–0.4% annually (Weiss 1981; Khalil and Rasmussen 1983; Rasmussen and Khalil 1986).

Keywords

Combustion Ozone Fractionation Assimilation Pseudomonas 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tadashi Yoshinari
    • 1
  1. 1.Wadsworth Center for Laboratories and Research New York State Department of Health, and School of Public HealthState University of New York at AlbanyAlbanyUSA

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