Electronic Theory of Colossal Magnetoresistance Materials
We study a model based on the double exchange mechanism and diagonal disorder to calculate magnetization and conductivity for La1−x Sr x MnO3 type crystals as a function of temperature. The model represents each Mn4+ ion by a spin
, on which an electron can be added to produce Mn3+. We include a hopping energy t, and a strong intra-atomic exchange interaction J. To represent in a simple way the effects of disorder we assume a Lorentzian distribution of diagonal energies of width F at the Mn sites. We calculate the mobility edge and the Fermi level as functions of magnetization. We add the spin entropy to build up the free energy of the system. In the strong coupling limit, J ≫ t, Γ, the model results can be expressed in terms of t and F only. We use the results of the model to draw “phase diagrams” that separate ferromagnetic from paramagnetic states and also “insulating” states where the Fermi level falls in a region of localized states from “metallic” where the Fermi level falls in a region of extended states. We then add the contributions to the conductivity of extended states to those of localized states to calculate the resistivity for different concentrations and the magnetoresistance. We conclude that the model can be used successfully to represent the transport properties of the systems under consideration.
KeywordsExtended State Localization Length Double Exchange Electronic Theory Mobility Edge
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