First-Principles Langevin Molecular Dynamics Studies of Metallic and Semiconductor Clusters

  • Luis Carlos Balbás


The combination of Langevin molecular dynamics for simulated annealing with realistic quantum-mechanical interactions obtained from first-principles supercell calculations (within the pseudopotential plane-wave method and the local density approximation) is applied in this paper to examine the structural and electronic properties of (i) bimetallic PbNa n , (n ≤ 7) clusters, and (ii) pure and mixed Ge n Te m (0 ≤ n, m ≤ 3) clusters, as well as the diatomic molecules GeSe, PbSe and PbTe. In the case of bimetallic PbNa n , clusters the aim is to explain the exceptional abundance of PbNa6 observed in recent molecular beam experiments. It is found that adding another Na atom to PbNa6 is energetically less favorable than adding it to a pure sodium cluster, in contrast to what it is obtained for smaller PbNa n clusters. In the case of semiconductor clusters the aim is to compute their permanent dipole moments in the equilibrium geometry and in selected geometries near to equilibrium corresponding to states higher in energy by a few tens of meV. These dipole moments are compared with those estimated from recent experiments at room temperature.


Dipole Moment Local Density Approximation Equilibrium Geometry Apex Angle Permanent Dipole Moment 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • Luis Carlos Balbás
    • 1
  1. 1.Departamento de Física TeóricaUniversidad de ValladolidValladolidSpain

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