Ecological, Morphological, and Behavioral Convergence in Rock-Dwelling Mammals

  • Michael A. Mares
  • Thomas E. LacherJr.


Much recent research has attempted to document and clarify the process of convergent evolution at various levels of biological organization. Studies have ranged from detailed examples of convergence at the species level (for example, Pianka and Pianka, 1970), through examples of similar evolutionary pathways having been taken by extensive subsets of communities developing within similar macrohabitats (for example, Mares, 1976, 1980, 1983), to an assessment of generally similar patterns of development of entire disjunct ecosystems sharing numerous abiotic parameters (for example, Orians and Solbrig, 1977). There has been some controversy regarding the level of ecological similarity that has developed within unrelated faunas (for example, Schall and Pianka, 1978), and whether or not convergence actually occurs among a broad array of species evolving within apparently similar micro- and macro-habitats in response to what would presumably be broadly similar selective regimes.


Mating System Litter Size Alarm Call Brown Hare Rocky Area 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michael A. Mares
    • 1
  • Thomas E. LacherJr.
    • 2
  1. 1.Stovall Museum and Department of ZoologyUniversity of OklahomaNormanUSA
  2. 2.Huxley College of Environmental StudiesWestern Washington UniversityBellinghamUSA

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