Mammalian Evolution at the Cellular Level

  • Carleton J. Phillips
  • Bernard Tandler


The development of new techniques in molecular biology has greatly advanced our understanding of the evolutionary and systematic biology of mammals. Before 1965 our comprehension of mammalian evolution and our approach to systematics rested upon our ability—sometimes strictly intuitive—to interpret the significance of interspecific differences in gross anatomic features. Since then, we have been increasingly able to study proteins, chromosomal structure and organization, comparisons of individual genes, gene loci, and nuclear and mitochondrial DNA. Evolutionary and systematic investigations in mammalogy now routinely include biochemistry of proteins as well as gross anatomy, but often neglect everything in between.


Salivary Gland Acinar Cell Secretory Granule Endocrine Cell Retinal Pigment Epithelium Cell 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • Carleton J. Phillips
    • 1
  • Bernard Tandler
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of BiologyHofstra UniversityHempsteadUSA
  2. 2.Department of Oral Biology, School of DentistryCase Western Reserve UniversityClevelandUSA

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