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India Faces Its Population Problems

  • Oscar Harkavy
Part of the The Springer Series on Demographic Methods and Population Analysis book series (PSDE)

Abstract

Throughout much of this century India has captured the public imagination as the quintessentially overpopulated country. The Population Bomb, Paul R. Ehrlich’s overheated tract of the 1960s, sets the tone in the first chapter:

I have understood the population explosion intellectually for a long time. I came to understand it emotionally one stinking hot night in Delhi a couple of years ago.... The streets seemed alive with people. People eating, people washing, people sleeping. People visiting, arguing and screaming. People thrusting their hands through the taxi window, begging. People defecating and urinating. People clinging to buses. People herding animals. People, people, people, people...1

Keywords

Family Planning Family Planning Service Family Planning Program Ford Foundation Population Problem 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Notes

  1. 1.
    Paul R. Ehrlich, The Population Bomb (New York: Ballantine Books, 1968), p. 15. Ehrlich notes that he borrowed the title from a pamphlet first published by the Hugh Moore Fund in 1954.Google Scholar
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    John Caldwell and Pat Caldwell, Limiting Population Growth and the Ford Foundation Contribution (London: Frances Pinter, 1986), p. 4.Google Scholar
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    Ibid., pp. 40-41.Google Scholar
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    Francis X. Sutton, Ford Foundation History Project Report (Overseas Development), Part II (draft ms.), August 1984, p. 67, Ford Foundation Archives.Google Scholar
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    “The beads used were those sold in Jan Path, New Delhi, by Nepalese vendors, reported to be favourites (considered dainty) by European and American women” (B. L. Raina, “A Quest for a Small Family,” unpublished ms., 1988, pp. 64-65).Google Scholar
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    Douglas Ensminger, “The Ford Foundation’s Relations with the Planning Commission,” Oral History, October 21, 1971, p. 11.Google Scholar
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    Ibid., p. 13.Google Scholar
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    Douglas Ensminger, “A Self-Examination of the Ford Foundation’s Involvement in Family Planning in India,” memorandum to himself, August 18, 1967, p. 1.Google Scholar
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    Interview with Moye Freymann, May 4, 1990.Google Scholar
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    Nicholas J. Demerath, Birth Control and Foreign Policy (New York: Harper & Row, 1976), p. 64).Google Scholar
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    The initial grant of $330,000 was supplemented by $603,000 in 1961, but little of the supplementary grant was used for the FPCAR program and all but $55,414 was transferred to other population projects in 1966 (Kathleen D. McCarthy, “The Ford Foundation’s Population Programs in India, Pakistan and Bangladesh, 1959–1981,” endnote 13, p. 97, 1985, Ford Foundation Archive Report #011011).Google Scholar
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    Raina, “A Quest for a Small Family,” p. 24.Google Scholar
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    Interview with Moye Freymann, May 4, 1990.Google Scholar
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    A “block” in India has about 100,000 inhabitants. Gandhigram is located within Athoor block.Google Scholar
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    Officially, this was a report of a committee headed by K. T. Chandy, director of the Calcutta Institute of Management, to which King served as a consultant. The report is summarized in Studies in Family Planning 1, no. 6 (March 1965):7-12.Google Scholar
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    According to an empirical formula, crude birthrate = 48.4 − 0.44 (contraceptive prevalence), See Jain, “Issues in Population Programs in India,” p. 6.Google Scholar

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • Oscar Harkavy
    • 1
  1. 1.The Ford FoundationNew YorkUSA

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