The Population Movement Flourishes

The Sixties and Seventies
  • Oscar Harkavy
Part of the The Springer Series on Demographic Methods and Population Analysis book series (PSDE)


As recounted in Chapter 1, the Ford Foundation joined the postwar population movement with two substantial grants to the Population Council, made through the Behavioral Sciences Program, in 1954 and 1957. In the minds of the officers responsible for behavioral sciences at the foundation, population was apparently not a memorable activity. After the Behavioral Sciences Program was terminated in 1957, William McPeak, a foundation vice president who inherited oversight of the program from Rowan Gaither, and Bernard Berelson, the program’s director, each wrote postmortem evaluations of the work in the Behavioral Sciences Program that omitted any reference to its population work.1


Family Planning Family Planning Program Rockefeller Foundation Population Work Ford Foundation 


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  1. 1.
    William McPeak, “Behavioral Sciences Program, Report and Appraisal,” December, 1961, Ford Foundation Archives Document #003156; Bernard Berelson, “Behavioral Sciences Program Final Report, 1951–57,” September, 1957, Ford Foundation Archives, #010548.Google Scholar
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    Of this amount $215,000 was provided by the Population Council, and about $300,000 by the U.S. government through the National Institutes of Health and the National Science Foundation. About half of the latter, however, was devoted to research on pregnancy and maternal health. The Committee for Research in Problems of Sex of the National Research Council, supported by the Rockefeller Foundation, devoted only about $35,000 a year to reproductive research. Somewhat larger amounts were given by the Planned Parenthood Federation of America and the Sunnen Foundation, the latter confined to improvement and testing of spermicidal compounds in Puerto Rico (Robert Sheehan and Elizabeth Weil-Fisher, “The Birth Control ‘Pill,’” Fortune, April 1958).Google Scholar
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • Oscar Harkavy
    • 1
  1. 1.The Ford FoundationNew YorkUSA

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