Cryocoolers 8 pp 345-352 | Cite as

Multi-Stage Pulse Tube Refrigerator for Temperatures below 4 K

  • Y. Matsubara
  • J. L. Gao


This paper describes the experimental results of multi-stage pulse tube refrigerators with novel staging configuration. Based on a previous study of the multiple staging configuration for the pulse tubes and the characteristics of the pulse tube operated at liquid helium temperature, a three-stage pulse tube refrigerator was fabricated and tested. Pressure oscillation was generated by a valved compressor generally used for G-M cryocoolers. A lowest temperature of 3.6 K has been achieved by this system. The performance of the regenerative tube inserted between the hot end of the third stage pulse tube and its phase shifter located at room temperature has been discussed.


Heat Transfer Mass Flow Mass Flow Rate Liquid Helium Temperature Pulse Tube 


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  1. 1.
    Gao, J.L. and Matsubara, Y., Experimental Investigation of 4 K Pulse Tube Refrigerator, CRYOGENICS, 34, 1 (1994) 25–30.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Matsubara, Y. and Gao, J.L., Novel Configuration of Three-Stage Pulse Tube Refrigerator for Temperatures below 4 K, CRYOGENICS, 34, 4 (1994) 256–262.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Matsubara, Y. and Gao, J.L., Multi-staged Pulse Tube Refrigerator for Superconducting Magnet Applications, Presented in ICEC 15th, 1996.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Gao, J.L., Matsubara, Y., et al, Configuration and Test results of multiple stage pulse tube refrigerator, 50th Meeting on Cryogenics and Superconductivity, Kagashima, Japan (1993) 260.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • Y. Matsubara
    • 1
  • J. L. Gao
    • 1
  1. 1.Atomic Energy Research InstituteNihon UniversityFunabashi, 274Japan

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