What Is This Thing Called CRITICAL Systems Thinking?

  • Gerald Midgley


This paper is about Critical Systems Thinking (CST), a research perspective which is said to embrace three fundamental commitments. These are commitments to:
  • critical awareness—examining and re-examining taken-for-granted assumptions, along with the conditions which give rise to them;

  • emancipation—ensuring that research is focused upon ‘improvement’, defined temporarily and locally, taking issues of power (which may affect the definition) into account; and

  • methodological pluralism—using a variety of research methods in a theoretically coherent manner, becoming aware of their strengths and weaknesses, to address a corresponding variety of issues.


Critical System Critical Awareness System Methodology System Practice Ethical Critique 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gerald Midgley
    • 1
  1. 1.Centre for Systems Studies, Department of Management Systems and SciencesUniversity of HullHullUK

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