Social Autopoiesis

A Quantitative Approach
  • F. Parra-Luna


Are social systems autopoietic? Bailey’s (1992) extensive review includes both authors who have concluded that societies should be considered autopoietic and those that have concluded the contrary, considering the term as originally defined for systemic theory and popularized by Maturana and Varela (1974, 1978, 1980). According to Bailey, Beer (1975), Luhmann (1982, 1984, 1986, 1989) and Robb (1989(a), 1989(b)), for instance, seem to be under the conviction that social systems are autopoietic, while other such as Mingers (1989) and Maturana and Varela themselves, think they are not. Let us begin, then, by discovering what is meant by Autopoiesis.


Future Output Autopoietic System Subjective Output Empirical Indicator Balance Social 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • F. Parra-Luna
    • 1
  1. 1.Complutense University of MadridSpain

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