Human Ecology, Population, and Development

  • Amos H. Hawley
Part of the The Springer Series on Demographic Methods and Population Analysis book series (PSDE)


Human ecology, as distinguished from bioecology, originated with the observation of analogous forms of organization in urban and plant communities. Since its inception, therefore, the discipline of human ecology has evinced a strong predilection toward the use of collective organization, not the individual, as its unit of analysis. Justifying this orientation is evidence that adaptation by all forms of life is essentially a collective rather than an individual process.


Labor Force Vital Rate World System Rapid Population Growth Underdeveloped Country 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • Amos H. Hawley
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of SociologyUniversity of North CarolinaChapel HillUSA

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